By Stephen Colvin
A historic Greek Reader offers an advent to the heritage of the traditional Greek language via a chain of texts with linguistic remark, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the newest textual content dates to the second one century AD), and contains a wide variety of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of famous inscriptions with fresh discoveries that will not be simply to be had in different places; a range of literary texts strains significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The e-book finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic heritage of koinГ© Greek. The remark assumes no earlier wisdom of Greek historic linguistics, yet presents a easy volume of up to date bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at higher intensity the place invaluable.
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Extra resources for A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine
3 Szemerényi (1956). §31. Consonants 1. Disappearance of [w] (digamma) from the time of the earliest inscriptions. 2. In µ σο , σο etc. 8a). 3. -Ion. as in Myc. 9). This gives the characteristic 3 plur. ending -ουσι [-o:si] < *-ονσι (WGk. 6c. ˙ attic only: 4. In ρ ττω, ττων, etc. 8), and very occasionally in Thessaly. 5. ). ionic only: 6. 10): loss of the aspirate, an areal development which aﬀected eastern Aeolic (Lesbian) as well as eastern Ionic. Central Ionic and Euboea for the most part retained the aspirate.
This script was adapted from an earlier syllabary used in Cyprus known as Cypro-Minoan, since it is clearly related to Cretan Linear A. CyproMinoan is attested (in slightly diﬀerent forms) from the XVI to the XII centuries bc, and may have been used to record more than one language (but probably not Greek). The classical Cypriot syllabary was better suited to writing Greek than Linear B had been, in that it diﬀerentiated l from r and represented ﬁnal -n and -s. But it made no distinction between voiced (b, d, g), voiceless (p, t, k), or aspirate (ph, t h, k h) stops, and had no means of indicating aspiration or vowel length.
1 §19. , when they were gradually usurped by the Ionic alphabet. 10), reused the aspirate sign Η for long e (eta): then they created a sign for the corresponding long o by opening up o to make Ω. Neither nor was used: because the sound [w] disappeared early in Ionic, and because it was functionally irrelevant (the diﬀerence between front and back velars in Greek is not phonemic). Ionia standardized the alphabet (and an ‘oﬃcial’ epigraphic dialect) at an early stage, and to this extent was atypical.
A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine by Stephen Colvin